Know How

Know-How is not IP as such but can be just as valuable. What is Know-How? Know-How is technical information, knowledge and skill e.g. a procedure,a process, an identifiable knowledgeable way of doing something. That information must be secret.

R&D projects and course-work can result in extremely valuable technical information being created. The only way you can really protect your valuable Know-How is through confidentiality.